TYPES OF TRAINING
There is definitely no one size fits all type of training. Each organization has its own training methods to meet certain situations and needs. Depending on what is being taught to employees, one type of training may be much more effective than another method. Below are different types of training that is widely used in organizations:
1. On-the-job Training. Training that begins from day one of starting your job. Reading manuals, continuous observation, reading your job description and asking questions are all required during on-the-job training. Many organizations use this method of training as they believe it is the most effective type as employees learn hands-on. Despite the effectiveness of on-the-job training, this is also a more stressful method.
2. Technology-Based Learning. Training and learning done so via technology including computer-based programs that include interactive multimedia and video, as well as online-based training programs. This method of training is useful for large corporations as training is unlimited and allows for more learner involvement. It is also a critical training method for employees who do not have time for on-site training.
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3. Simulators. Using simulators to imitate real work experiences in order for employees to train dangerous or unexpected situations. Not as commonly used as simulators are expensive but extensively used for pilot, police and astronaut training. This method of training is important because it imitates the challenges that would employees would face on the job.
4. Coaching/Mentoring. Receiving training one-on-one from an experienced professional. Employees can ask many questions and receive thorough responses that would otherwise not happen in a group/classroom setting.
5. Role Playing. Allowing employees to act out workplace issues in order to touch upon negotiating and team work skills. Role playing allows you the flexibility to train a few people or a large group. This method of training can be problematic for employees who do not feel comfortable in front of groups of people. \
6. Lectures. Training done so in a classroom-type setting. This method of training allows the ability to provide extensive amounts of information to a large group of people in a limited amount of time. Many people believe this is the least effective method of training as there is a lack of knowledge retention. There is also a lack of interaction between the trainer and trainees which can make training ineffective and boring.
7.Group Discussions/Tutorials. Training done so again in a classroom-type setting. Groups of people discuss certain issues and situations. This method of training is more effective than lectures due to more interaction between trainees and trainer. Groups discussions/tutorials allow employees to voice different concerns and give them the ability to ask questions and bounce ideas off one another.
8. Management Games. Simulating real-life issues faced in the workplace. Games such as board games that simulate business situations, computer simulators, creating games that involve problem solving and implementing innovative ideas.
9. Outdoor Training. Training used to develop teamwork skills. Involves outgoing and interactive activities that gets participants to work together. Activities can include things such as rafting, rock climbing etc. This is said to be one of the most enjoyable training methods for employees.
10. Films & Videos. Often used in conjunction with other training methods. Used to keep the trainees attention and to simulate discussion on specific issues. Films and videos can be used to enhance your already existing training but can prove to be ineffective if it is the only training method implemented.
11. Case Studies. Allowing trainees to analyze and discuss real workplace issues. Developing problem-solving skills and providing examples that illustrate certain principals and theories. This type of training method can be effective since case studies can tackle a wide range of workplace topics and situations.
As you can see there are many avenues for employee training. It is an important factor to match the best training method based on the workplace situation. The most important factor is organizations should assess each training method used and get feedback on the effectiveness in order to see their efforts improving their company productivity. It is essential to first focus on identifying what a learner needs to know and then choosing which type of training to implement.